Hello everybody and welcome to LearnAmo! Ok, ok… let’s resolve, now, once and for all, the problem of the DOPPI PLURALI (double plurals) in Italian! Here we are, with a new super-video lesson by LearnAmo, the best learning Italian school in the world! Do you think I’m… “montando la testa” (becoming swollen-headed) Yes, you should “abbassare la cresta”! (get off your high horse) You need to know that, in Italian, there are some words that have two different plural forms, but that, however, are not synonyms! Yeah… in most cases, the two plurals have very different meanings and uses! Today, we are going to look into these words with double plural and we are going to see their differences Let’s get started with: “Il braccio” (the arm) This word has two plurals: “I bracci” and “le braccia” (arms) The feminine form “le braccia” indicates the upper limbs of a human being, for example: “io ho due BRACCIA” (I’ve got two arms) Just me, of course… The masculine form, is used fore all the other meanings, for example: “i BRACCI della gru”(the crane arms), “i BRACCI A e B di un edificio (the A and B arms of the building), i BRACCI meccanici” (mechanical arms) and so on. Another word that can cause some troubles is: “il muro” (the wall), with its two plurals: “i muri” and “le mura” (the walls) the masculine form, “i muri”, is used to indicate the internal or external walls, but also those which skirts the streets. Instead, the feminine form, is used to refer to the buildings which surrounded, especially in the past, the cites to protect them, the so-called, mura di cinta (city walls) But the feminine form is also used to indicate a whole house, in its entirety. For example, you can often hear: “essere tra le MURA domestiche” or”essere tra le proprie MURA” (staying within the walls), which means staying in your own house The next one is: “il grido” (cry/shout) Here, the plurals are: “i gridi” and “le grida” (cries/shouts) The masculine form is used to refer to animal noises. For example: “i GRIDI dei gabbiani” ( the cries of the seagulls) while, the feminine form is used to indicate the voices or the laments of human beings. The same distinction can be applied to the plurals of the word : “urlo” (scream). Gli “urli” and the “urla” (screams) Now it’up to “l’osso” (the bone) with its two plurals: “gli ossi” and “le ossa” (bones) The masculine form is used to indicate various bones, taken separately. For example: “Rocco dà, sempre, due OSSI alla sua cagnolina Lilly” (Rocco always gives his dog Lilly two bones) The “ossa”, instead indicate the whole human bone structure. The same distinction can be done with the plural of the word “dito” (finger). “i diti” or “dita” the masculine form is used to refer to some, taken separately. For example: (these are my index fingers) Instead, the feminine form used to indicate al the fingers together: (these are my fingers) Did you know that, in our e-shop LearnAmo Collection, you can buy a lot of fashionable items? Not only the t-shirts I’m wearing in these photos, but also lot more merchandise! Display high fashion clothes with your friends! What are you waiting for? Link in description Mh… are there few more? Oh yeah… “il fondamento” (foundation/basis/fundamentals), whose plurals are: “i fondamenti” and “le fondamenta” The masculine form indicates the bases, the principles, of a discipline or of a thought and so on. Instead, the feminine form indicates the structures, a building leans on, for example: “”le FONDAMENTA di una casa”. (the basis of a house) What about “i lenzuolo” (the sheet): “i lenzuoli” or “le lenzuola” The masculine form is used to indicate more sheets, taken one by one. While, the feminine form indicates the couple of sheets you make the bed with… It’s easy isn’t it? Oh… I almost forgot: “il labbro” (the lip), with its plurals: “i labbri” or “le labbra”. The masculine form, i labbri, is used to indicate the edges of a wound or the top corners of a fountain. Instead, the feminine indicates the two parts which compose the mouth or other anatomical parts. Moreover, I’d like to mention “il filo” (the wire/string). What’s the difference between “i fili” and “le fila”? Well, the masculine form is used for its concrete meaning: FILI del telefono” (phone wires), “i FILI della luce” (wires for light) and so on. While, the feminine stands for hatched plan and, therefore, in a metaphorical sense interweaving, for example: “le FILA di una congiura”(the strings of a conspiracy) WATCH OUT, le fila is just the plural form of “ill filo” Therefore, don’t mistake it with the plural form of the word “fila” (ranks). The fila intended as series, succession. In fact, the plural form of “fare la fila” won’t be “fare le fila” but: “fare le FILE” (stand in lines) Recent studies showed that subscribing to our channel helps to reduce: stress, cardiovascular diseases and intestinal disorder. What are you waiting for? What do you say…shall we see another one? Come on… the last one: “il corno” (the horn) Its two plurals are: “i corni” and “le corna”. The first one, “i corni” is used to indicate music instruments, but also the ends of something, for example:” “anvil’s horns” While, the feminine form, indicates those extensions that some animals have on their heads. Ah. about that: do you know the meaning of this gesture? It means: “fare le corna”, namely cheating on your life partner. If you do that referring to a person, you’re implying in a not elegant and a bit offensive way that he/she was cheated on… that he/she is “cornuto” or “cornuta” But be careful to not mistake it, with this gesture, which I explained in the video, devoted to Italian gestures, since we love gesticulate! Link in description where you’ll find out the meaning of this other gesture too. Now before you leave, there’s another thing I want to talk about with you. The words with double SINGULAR and double PLURAL. Yeah, it’s true… I’m not kidding! Do you need a proof? Here it is: orecchio”, “orecchia”, “orecchi”, “orecchie” (ear/ ears) Easy, easy… I’ve a good news for you! n this case, all the forms are correct! Without any difference with the meaning. The same thing goes for : “strofa”, “strofe” “strofe”, “strofi”.(strophe/strophes) (verse/verses) However be careful to “frutto”, “frutta”, “frutti” “frutte” (fruit/fruits) Here, instead the differences are quite .defined, The masculine singular form indicates the product of the plants coming from the blossom for example: “Pineapple is my favorite fruit” or “the apple was the forbidden fruit”. but we also use it for expressions like: “FRUTTO di stagione” (seasonal fruit) or “alberi da FRUTTO (fruit tree) Moreover, it also has a figurative sense and “frutto” in this case is used as synonym for “result”, for example: “”the fruit of my labor”. The masculine plural form has these same meanings. “la frutta”, instead indicates the food, for example: “fruit is good for you health” There’s also the feminine plural form: “le frutte” but… by now it’s almost completely unused, obsolete. Good, I hope, from now on, you’ll have less doubts in using these words with double plurals. Or rather, why don’t we do a test? Write me, in the comment section, some sentences by using these words! Let’s see if you got everything! Oh, if you like, you can also, follow me on socials. Just write LearnAmo on Facebook, Instagram ad Twitter… there are a lot of extra features!